After earning his M.D. with honors, Dr. Robert Buchanan completed two residencies at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, one in the Department of Psychiatry and a second in the Department of Surgery/Neurosurgery. He subsequently became a fellow at the Yale University School of Medicine's Department of Neurosurgery, where he focused on epilepsy treatments and functional neurosurgery. Dr. Robert Buchanan has also secured fellowships at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Psychobiology and Psychopharmacology and at The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, where he worked in the Lab of Genetics.
Alongside treating patients, Dr. Robert Buchanan serves as an associate professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin. Dr. Buchanan teaches a course open to both undergraduate and graduate students called "Neurobiology of Disease." He also works with students and scholars through the school's Institute for Neuroscience and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical School. Dr. Robert Buchanan studies brain functionality at the school in hopes of discovering new paths of treatment for movement disorders, epilepsy, and psychiatric disease.